Managing Systems of Objectives in the agile Development of Mechatronic Systems by ASD - Agile Systems Design
Editor: Ekströmer, Philip; Schütte, Simon and Ölvander, Johan
Author: Albers, Albert; Heimicke, Jonas; Hirschter, Tobias; Richter, Thilo; Reiß, Nicolas; Maier, Alexander; Bursac, Nikola
Institution: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
In the development of mechatronic systems and the associated product services and business models, the system of objectives contains all relevant objectives of various stakeholders, as well as requirements, boundary conditions and interdependencies between objectives. It serves as basis to define the solution area for the technical implementation of products and provides the foundation to validate resulting virtual and physical objects in the process of product development. In particular, the objectives of potential customers and users regarding the product change with an increasing dynamic, which leads to a lack of transparency. Accordingly, the product development process is characterized by constant uncertainties. To be able to counteract these uncertainties, companies are increasingly using agile approaches in order to identify potentially changed objectives at an early stage and to adapt the product along the product development process accordingly. An early validation of prototypes with low functionalities is also carried out under consistent customer integration to identify further objectives early on. As a result, the overall process gains in robustness. One approach that supports the developer throughout the entire development process of mechatronic systems is ASD -Agile Systems Design. It consists of principles, methods and processes of the PGE -Product Gen-generation Engineering and contains a constellation of structuring and flexible elements that can be adapted to the respective development context. To support the process of product development, it is imperative to understand the behavior of systems of objectives in order to be able to derive resulting recommendations for the development. Based on a real development project that has been completed according to ASD, the paper introduces an approach to identify the development of the maturity of the systems of objectives. On this basis, a methodology is presented which supports the agile management of systems of objectives to meet the associated requirements. Thus, a handling of systems of objectives in connection with prototypes generated during the process is presented, which leads to a robust safeguarding of the development direction.