Building a computational laboratory for the study of team behaviour in product development
DS 87-8 Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 17) Vol 8: Human Behaviour in Design, Vancouver, Canada, 21-25.08.2017
Editor: Anja Maier, Stanko Škec, Harrison Kim, Michael Kokkolaras, Josef Oehmen, Georges Fadel, Filippo Salustri, Mike Van der Loos
Author: Perišić, Marija Majda; Štorga, Mario; Gero, John
Institution: 1: University of Zagreb, Croatia; 2: UNC Charlotte, United States of America; 3: George Mason University, United States of America
Section: Human Behaviour in Design
As the result of the first phase of building a computational laboratory which is aimed to enable detail study of the emergent team properties and team behaviour in product development, this paper focuses on the design of a computational representation of a member of product development team. Since team members are often faced with the necessity to adjust to changes in their environment, the emphasis was put on modelling of human adaptive capacity. Specifically, the paper brings together the theoretical findings on mechanisms individuals use when faced with disruptions and introduces the architecture of an adaptable agent that can be used for studying adaptation of product development team. Building on the findings from psychology, sociology and cognitive science, the proposed agents are defined as cognitive, situated, affective and social. The proposed computational workbench is aimed to augment understanding of team processes prior, and in response to adaptation triggers in the context of product development projects, and should enable anticipation of possible pitfalls, enhance the development of design methodologies and tools, and provide guidelines for design education.
Keywords: Simulation, Teamwork, Human behaviour in design, Agent-based modelling, Team adaptability